Lorenzetti, Pietro

(c. 1290-1348)
   Italian painter who, along with his brother Ambrogio Lorenzetti and Simone Martini, dominated the art scene in Siena. Pietro's Virgin and Child with Saints, Annunciation, and Assumption, the polyptych he created for the Pieve di Santa Maria in Arezzo, is signed and dated 1320 in an accompanying inscription where he declares himself to be a mature artist, in complete control of the new style of painting. This new style to which he refers is the naturalism Giotto introduced in the early years of the 14th century. In this altarpiece, the Virgin wears a mantle lined with ermine fur, rather than the customary red and blue cloak, and she and the Christ Child are no longer enthroned as in earlier altarpieces, but rather they stand in front of a gilded background. The Christ Child, normally shown in a blessing gesture, here interacts with his mother. While the volume of the figures and draperies depend on Giotto's art, the emphasis on luxurious costumes, brilliant colors, and heavy gilding, are characteristics particular to the Sienese School of painting.
   In 1325-1330, Pietro was in Assisi, painting frescoes of the Passion of Christ in the transept of the Lower Church of San Francesco. Of these, the Crucifixion is the most poignant. Though Pietro followed Byzantine and 13th-century representations of the scene, his version is filled with a pathos not found in earlier examples — a convincing representation of a tragic event. Pietro's most famous work is the Birth of the Virgin (Siena, Museo dell' Opera del Duomo), painted in 1342 for the Cathedral of Siena,a truly innovative altarpiece in that the frame becomes an outward projection of the painted architecture. To further enhance the sense of depth, Pietro showed the three four-partite vaults of the upper-class Sienese setting in which the scene takes place and he positioned his figures behind two columns. With this, he foreshadowed the developments of one-point linear perspective that would be introduced in painting and relief sculpture in Italy in the 15th century.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Lorenzetti, Pietro — ▪ Italian painter born c. 1280, /90, Siena?, Republic of Siena died c. 1348, Siena       Italian Gothic painter of the Sienese school who with his brother Ambrogio was the principal exponent of Sienese secular art in the years before the Black… …   Universalium

  • Lorenzetti, Pietro — ► (1280 1348) Pintor italiano, hermano de Ambroggio Lorenzetti. Sus cuadros poseen intenso dramatismo. Autor de El descendimiento de la Cruz y La Virgen con el Niño …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lorenzetti, Pietro — (ca. 1280 ca. 1348) and AMBROGIO (after 1290 1348)    Sienese brothers, prominent artists succeeding to the position of Duccio and Simone Martini as Siena s leading painters. Pietro is known for his frescoes in the council chamber of his city,… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Lorenzetti, Pietro and Ambrogio — • Sienese painters. The time of their birth and death is not known Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lorenzetti, Pietro y Ambrogio — ( 1280/90, ¿Siena?, República de Siena– 1348, Siena) ( 1290, Siena, República de Siena– 1348, Siena). Pintores italianos. Posiblemente ambos hermanos fueron discípulos de Duccio di Buoninsegna, cuya influencia se observa en el retablo de Pietro… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lorenzetti, Pietro and Ambrogio — born с 1280/90, Siena?, Republic of Siena died с 1348, Siena born с 1290, Siena, Republic of Siena died с 1348, Siena Italian painters. Both brothers were possibly pupils of Duccio di Buoninsegna, whose influence is seen in Pietro s altarpiece in …   Universalium

  • Pietro Lorenzetti — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cristo entrando en Jerusalén (1320 1330), fresco de Pietro Lorenzetti para la basílica inferior de San Francisco, Asís. Pietro Lorenzetti (o Pietro Laurati; h. 1280 1348) fue un pintor italiano de estilo italo gótico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pietro Lorenzetti — (or Pietro Laurati; c. 1280 1348) was an Italian painter, active between approximately 1306 and 1345. Biography He was born and died in Siena. He was influenced by Giovanni Pisano and Giotto, and worked alongside Simone Martini at Assisi. He and… …   Wikipedia

  • Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti —     Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti     Sienese painters. The time of their birth and death is not known. Their dated works extend over a period of thirty years, from 1316 to 1348.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lorenzetti — Lorenzetti, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Pietro …   Enciclopedia Universal

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